MORE INFORMATION ABOUT COOKIES

 

What is a cookie?

A cookie is a harmless text file that is stored in your browser when you visit almost any web page. The purpose of the cookie is that the website is able to remember your visit when you return to that page. Although many people do not know it, cookies have been used for 20 years, when the first browsers for the World Wide Web appeared.

 

 

What is NOT a cookie?

It is not a virus, nor a trojan, nor a worm, nor spam, nor spyware and it doesn’t open pop-up windows.

 

 

What information does a cookie store?

Cookies do not usually store sensitive information about you, such as credit cards or bank details, photographs, your ID or personal information, etc. The data they save is related with a technical nature, personal preferences, content customization, etc.

The web server does not associate you as a person but your web browser. In fact, if you regularly browse with Internet Explorer and try browsing the same website with Firefox or Chrome, you will see that the website doesn’t realize that you are the same person because you are actually associating the browser, not the person.

 

 

What kind of cookie exist?

  • Technical cookies: They are the most basic ones and they mostly allow to know when a human or an automated application is browsing, when an anonymous user and a registered user are browsing, basic tasks for the operation of any dynamic website.
  • Analysis cookies: They collect information about the type of browsing you are doing, the sections most used, products consulted, time slot of use, language, etc.
  • Advertising cookies: They show advertising based on your browsing, your country of origin, language, etc.

 

 

 

What are own and third-party cookies?

Own cookies are those generated by the page you are visiting and third-party cookies are those generated by external services or providers such as Facebook, Twitter, Google, etc.

 

 

What happens if I disable cookies?

Here you can see some examples of the consequences of disabling cookies:

  • You will not be able to share content from this website on Facebook, Twitter or any other social network.
  • The website will not be able to adapt the contents to your personal preferences, as it happens usually in online stores.
  • You will not be able to access the personal area of ​​that website, such as “My account”, or “My profile” or “My orders”.
  • Online stores: It will be impossible for you to make purchases online, they will have to be made by phone or by visiting the physical store.
  • It will not be possible to customize your geographic preferences such as time zone, currency or language.
  • The website will not be able to perform web analytics on visitors and web traffic, which will make it difficult for the website to be competitive.
  • You will not be able to write on the blog, you will not be able to upload photos, post comments or rate content. The web will also not be able to tell if you are a human or an automated application that publishes spam.
  • It will not be possible to show sectorized advertising, which will reduce the advertising revenue of the web.
  • All social networks use cookies, if you deactivate them you will not be able to use any social network.

 

 

 

Cookies can be deleted?

Yes, they can be eliminated, even blocked, in a general or particular way for a specific domain.

To delete cookies from a website you must go to your browser settings and there you can search for those associated with the specific domain, in order to proceed with their elimination.

 

 

 

Cookie settings for the most popular browsers

Here’s how to access a particular Chrome browser cookie. Note: these steps may vary depending on the version of the browser:

  • Go to “Settings” or “Preferences” through the “File” menu or by clicking the personalization icon that appears at the top right side.
  • You will see different sections, click the option “Show advanced options”.
  • Go to “Privacy”, “Content Settings”.
  • Select “All cookies and site data”.
  • A list will appear with all the cookies ordered by domain. To make it easier for you to find the cookies of a certain domain, enter the address partially or completely in the “Search cookies” field.
  • After carrying out this filter, one or more lines will appear on the screen with the cookies of the requested website. Now you only have to select it and press the “X” to proceed with its elimination.

 

Here’s how to access a particular Internet Explorer browser cookie. Note: these steps may vary depending on the version of the browser:

  • Go to “Tools”, “Internet Options”.
  • Click on “Privacy”.
  • Move the slider to set the level of privacy you want.

 

Here’s how to access a particular Firefox browser cookie. Note: these steps may vary depending on the version of the browser:

  • Go to “Options” or “Preferences” depending on your operating system.
  • Click on “Privacy”.
  • Select “History” and choose “Use custom settings for history”.
  • Now you will see the option “Accept cookies”, you can activate or deactivate it according to your preferences.

 

Here’s how to access a particular Safari for OSX browser cookie. Note: these steps may vary depending on the version of the browser:

  1. Go to “Preferences”, then “Privacy”.
  2. In this place you will see the option “Block cookies” so you can adjust the type of blocking you want to perform.

 

Here’s how to access a particular Safari for iOS browser cookie. Note: these steps may vary depending on the version of the browser:

  1. Go to “Settings”, then “Safari”.
  2. Go to “Privacy and Security”, you will see the option “Block cookies” so you can adjust the type of blocking you want to do.

 

Here’s how to access a particular Android browser cookie. Note: these steps may vary depending on the version of the browser:

  1. Launch the browser and press the “Menu” key, then “Settings”.
  2. Go to “Security and Privacy”, you will see the option “Accept cookies” so you can activate or deactivate the box.

 

Here’s how to access a particular Windows Phone browser cookie. Note: these steps may vary depending on the version of the browser:

  1. Open “Internet Explorer”, then “More” and then “Settings”.
  2. You can now enable or disable the “Allow cookies” key.

 

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Professor  Dr. Aitor Aritzeta

University of Basque Country/Euskal Herriko Unibertsitatea/Universidad del País Vasco (EHU/UPV).
Faculty of Psychology.
Basic Psychological Processes and Development.

Tolosa Avenue, 70, 20018 Donostia-San Sebastián, Gipuzkoa.

aitor.aritzeta@ehu.eus

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